Stephen’s academic homepage at the University of Alabama at Birmingham.

(Forthcoming). Agriculture: A World History, co-authored with Christopher Isett (under contract with Rowman & Littlefield).

(Forthcoming). The Provincial Assemblies of Louis XVI: Monarchical Government, Political Representation and Revolutionary Crisis in Eighteenth-Century France.

(2015). ‘Ralph Kingston on the Bourgeoisie and Bureaucracy in France, 1789-1848: A Review Essay‘, Historical Materialism, Vol. 23, No. 3.

(2014). ‘Venal Offices, Provincial Assemblies and the French Revolution’, French History, Vol. 28, No. 3.

(2014). ‘Feudalism’, The Encyclopedia of Political Thought, Wiley-Blackwell.

(2012). ‘French Absolutism and Agricultural Capitalism: A Comment on Henry Heller’s Essay’, Historical Materialism, Vol. 20, No. 4.

(2012). ‘Provincial Assemblies, Fiscal Reform and the Language of Politics in the 1770s and 1780s’, French Historical Studies, Vol. 35, No. 3.

(2011). ‘La monarchie absolue pendant les deux dernières décennies de l’Ancien Régime: Les assemblées provinciales de Necker, Calonne, et Loménie de Brienne’, Liame: Les assemblées représentatives (XVIe-XXe siècles), No. 23.

(2010). ‘The Estates of Languedoc in Eighteenth-Century France: Administrative Expansion and Feudal Revitalization’, in The Eighteenth-Century Composite State: Representative Institutions in Ireland and Europe, 1689 -1800, ed. David Hayton, Jimmy Kelly, and John Bergin, Palgrave Macmillan.

(2009). ‘The Economy of France in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries: Market Opportunity and Labor Productivity in Languedoc’, Rural History, Vol. 20, No. 1.

(2009). ‘The Absolutist State of Eighteenth-Century France: Modern Bureaucracy or Feudal Bricolage?’, Socialist History, Vol. 33.

(2008). State and Society in Eighteenth-Century France: A Study of Political Power and Social Revolution in Languedoc. Catholic University of America Press.

(2008). ‘The French Economy in the Eighteenth Century: Evidence from Languedoc’, The Consortium on Revolutionary Europe, 1750-1850. Selected papers, 2004. High Point, NC. High Point University.

(2006). ‘Politics and Class, 1792-1799: Radicalism, Terror and Repression in Southern France’, Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Western Society for French History. Scholarly Publishing Office, University of Michigan University Library, Vol. 32.

(2004). ‘Economic Growth in Eighteenth Century France: A Review of the Evidence with Regard to Languedoc’, Journal of the Oxford University History Society, No. 2.

(2004). ‘Revolutionary Politics in France 1788-1791: The Case of Languedoc’, European History Quarterly, Vol. 34, No. 2.

(2003). ‘Absolutism and Class at the End of the Old Regime: The Case of Languedoc’, Journal of Social History, Vol. 36, No. 4.

(2003). ‘Eighteenth-Century Institutions and the Fall of the Old Regime in Languedoc 1760-1789’, Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Western Society for French History, University of Colorado Press, Vol. 29.

(2003). ‘Lords, Peasant Communities and the State in Eighteenth-Century Languedoc’, French Historical Studies, Vol. 26, No. 1.